The Education Duty
Scott R. Bauries
University of Kentucky College of Law
November 26, 2012
47 Wake Forest Law Review 705 (2012)
This article makes the case that state legislatures stand in a fiduciary relationship to the people of the state, that this fiduciary relationship imposes duties of loyalty and care, and that these duties of loyalty and care underlie even the specific affirmative duties that state constitutions impose on state legislatures to legislate toward particular substantive policy goals, such as education. The article is the first to approach state constitutional education clauses in particular, and affirmative constitutional obligations in general, purely from the perspective of legislative duty. It therefore stands both as a needed addition to the literature and as an important counter-point to the extant scholarship, which approaches these provisions almost completely from a rights-based perspective. The article’s approach illustrates that state courts to date have both over-enforced and under-enforced affirmative legislative obligations in state constitutions by choosing either to aggressively apply inherently indeterminate constitutional terms of quality, or to abstain from judicial review altogether due to concerns over this indeterminacy. A fiduciary approach to affirmative legislative duties, in contrast, allows for a form of judicial review that preserves the judiciary’s role in ensuring the performance of legislative duties, while protecting the separation of powers in state governments.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 64
Keywords: state constitutions, government as fiduciary, education law, right to education, legislative duty, fiduciary dutyAccepted Paper Series
Date posted: September 11, 2012 ; Last revised: January 7, 2013
© 2013 Social Science Electronic Publishing, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
This page was processed by apollo4 in 0.453 seconds