Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=2149219
 


 



Social Networks and Risk of Homicide Victimization in an African American Community


Andrew V. Papachristos


Yale University - Department of Sociology

Christopher Wildeman


Yale University - Department of Sociology

September 19, 2012


Abstract:     
This study estimates the association of an individual’s position in a social network with their risk of homicide victimization across a high crime African American community in Chicago. Data are drawn from five years of arrest and victimization incidents from the Chicago Police Department. Results indicate that the risk of homicide is highly concentrated within the study community: 41 percent of all gun homicides in the study community occurred within a social network containing less than 4 percent of the neighborhood’s population. Logistic regression models demonstrate that network-level indicators reduce the association between individual-level risk factors and the risk of homicide victimization, as well as improve overall prediction of individual victimization. In particular, social distance to a homicide victim is negatively and strongly associated with individual victimization: each social tie removed from a homicide victim decreases one’s odds of being a homicide victim by approximately 57 percent. Findings suggest that understanding the social networks of offenders can allow researchers to more precisely predict individual homicide victimization within high crime communities.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 29

Keywords: social networks, homicide, neighborhoods

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Date posted: September 19, 2012  

Suggested Citation

Papachristos, Andrew V. and Wildeman, Christopher, Social Networks and Risk of Homicide Victimization in an African American Community (September 19, 2012). Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2149219 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2149219

Contact Information

Andrew V. Papachristos (Contact Author)
Yale University - Department of Sociology ( email )
New Haven, CT 06520
United States
HOME PAGE: http://papachristos.org
Christopher Wildeman
Yale University - Department of Sociology ( email )
New Haven, CT 06520
United States
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