Globalization and the Middle Class
Katherine V.W. Stone
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - School of Law
September 21, 2012
UCLA School of Law, Law-Econ Research Paper No. 12-16
The most important question for social policy today is: can the United States participate in global trade while maintaining a robust middle class? Or does expanded global trade necessarily mean doom for the U.S. middle class and others in advanced industrial nations? This question might have sounded provocative, incendiary, or just plain silly a decade ago, but it can no longer be ignored. Several different approaches have been advocated to preserve the living standards of the middle class in advanced countries in the face of expanded global trade. This essay examines three clusters of policies that are the most promising, policies to (1) encourage a race to the top that can counterbalance a race to the bottom; (2) promote the creation of local and regional agglomeration economies that will act as counterweights to a race to the bottom, and (3) foster firm-level innovation and develop the skills and human capital of the local population. It concludes that we adopt policies that braid these three together in order to preserve the U.S. middle class.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 54
Keywords: international labor standards, outsourcing jobs, global trade, middle class standards
Date posted: September 22, 2012 ; Last revised: October 3, 2012
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