Trust and Deterrence
University of Bologna - Department of Economics
Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN)
Chloe Le Coq
SITE-Stockholm School of Economics
Stockholm School of Economics (SITE); Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR); University of Rome 'Tor Vergata'; EIEF
CEPR Discussion Paper No. DP9002
This paper presents results from a laboratory experiment on the channels through which different law enforcement strategies deter cartel formation. With leniency policies offering immunity to the first reporting party a high fine is the main determinant of deterrence, having a strong effect even when the probability of exogenous detection is zero. Deterrence appears then mainly driven by 'distrust', the fear of partners deviating and reporting. Absent leniency, the probability of detection and the expected fine matter the most, and low fines are exploited to punish defections. The results appear relevant to several other crimes sharing cartels' strategic features, including corruption and financial fraud.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 42
Keywords: Antitrust, Betrayal, Cartels, Collusion, Distrust, Fines, Leniency, Whistleblowers
JEL Classification: C92, D03, K21, K42, L41
Date posted: September 28, 2012
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