Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=2162956
 


 



Science and Innovation Policy in Southeast Europe: Brain Drain as Brain Gain


Mirjana Stankovic


Center for Intellectual Property and Technology Transfer (CIPTT)

Biljana Angelova


Ss. Cyril and Methodius University - Faculty of Economics

Verica Janeska


Ss. Cyril and Methodius University - Faculty of Economics

Bratislav Stankovic


Loyola University Chicago; University of Information Science and Technology

2013

International Journal of Technological Learning, Innovation and Development 2013 Vol.6, No.3, pp. 262 – 282

Abstract:     
Over the past twenty years, the number of researchers and scientists in the countries of Southeast Europe (SEE) has seriously decreased. Many highly educated Southeast Europeans leave their countries in search of a better life. They are attracted to career opportunities, higher salaries, and better overall conditions abroad. This paper gives an overview of the main theories underpinning brain drain and brain circulation in developing countries. It also provides an analytical snapshot of the brain drain trends in the SEE, focusing on Macedonia, the brain drain leader in the region. In the end, it proposes public policy mechanisms for intellectual mobilization of the SEE highly educated Diaspora by envisioning the creation of a brain circulation network that will foster a regular set of interactions, collaborations, joint grant proposals, joint research projects, co-authorships, visitor exchange, joint ventures and alike, between the highly educated Diaspora and their counterparts in the countries of origin. This will provide expatriates with the opportunity to transfer their expertise and skills to the country of origin, without necessarily returning home permanently. In this way, the SEE countries will have access to the knowledge and expertise of the expatriates, and to the knowledge networks that they form in the host countries.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 22

Keywords: brain drain, brain circulation, brain gain, migration

JEL Classification: F22, J24

Accepted Paper Series





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Date posted: October 19, 2012 ; Last revised: February 20, 2014

Suggested Citation

Stankovic, Mirjana and Angelova, Biljana and Janeska, Verica and Stankovic, Bratislav, Science and Innovation Policy in Southeast Europe: Brain Drain as Brain Gain (2013). International Journal of Technological Learning, Innovation and Development 2013 Vol.6, No.3, pp. 262 – 282 . Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2162956

Contact Information

Mirjana Stankovic (Contact Author)
Center for Intellectual Property and Technology Transfer (CIPTT) ( email )
Biljana Angelova
Ss. Cyril and Methodius University - Faculty of Economics ( email )
Skopje
Macedonia
Verica Janeska
Ss. Cyril and Methodius University - Faculty of Economics ( email )
Skopje
Macedonia
Bratislav Stankovic
Loyola University Chicago ( email )
25 E. Pearson
Chicago, IL 60611
United States
HOME PAGE: http://www.luc.edu/law/faculty/part-timefacultyn-z/stankovic.shtml

University of Information Science and Technology ( email )
Partizanska bb
Building at ARM
Ohrid
Macedonia
HOME PAGE: http://uist.edu.mk/?page_id=1409
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