Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=2186230
 
 

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To Cloak the Within: Protecting Employees from Personality Testing


Elizabeth De Armond


Chicago-Kent College of Law

2012

61 DePaul Law Review 1129 (2012)
Chicago-Kent College of Law Research Paper No. 2013-01

Abstract:     
Employees and job applicants are often subjected to personality tests that seek sensitive, internal information. These tests can intrude on individual privacy simply by their inquisition, and disclosure of their results can pigeonhole and stigmatize people. The work of sociologist Erving Goffman offers insights into the nature of these harms. Furthermore, the personality tests often do not reliably and accurately measure personality traits, and employers may not have accurately identified traits that enhance performance in specific jobs. Current legal structures, including the federal and state constitutions and the Americans with Disabilities Act, may apply to such tests, but are inadequate to protect privacy. An effective legal structure would recognize these potential harms of personality testing and restrict employers from using them, requiring employers to justify the particular use of a test and limiting permissible tests to those that have demonstrated reliability and validity and have been shown to accurately predict improved job performance in the specific position sought to be filled. Furthermore, such a structure should require employers to maintain the confidentiality of the test results, and hold accountable employers who fail to comply with these privacy-protecting provisions.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 56

Keywords: employers, employees, personality testing, privacy protection, Erving Goffman, legal structures

JEL Classification: K30, K31, K39

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Date posted: December 11, 2012 ; Last revised: January 5, 2013

Suggested Citation

De Armond, Elizabeth, To Cloak the Within: Protecting Employees from Personality Testing (2012). 61 DePaul Law Review 1129 (2012); Chicago-Kent College of Law Research Paper No. 2013-01. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2186230

Contact Information

Elizabeth De Armond (Contact Author)
Chicago-Kent College of Law ( email )
565 W. Adams St.
Chicago, IL 60661-3691
United States

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