Competition, Efficiency, and Stability in Banking
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
December 26, 2012
Financial Management, Vol. 43, pp. 215–241
We examine the effect of competition on banking stability using a new measure of competition based on the reallocation of profits from inefficient banks to efficient ones (Boone, 2008). Examining a sample of European banks, we show that this measure does capture competition, that competition is stability-enhancing, and that the stability-enhancing effect of competition is greater for healthy banks than for fragile ones. Our results suggest that efficiency is the conduit through which competition contributes to stability and that regulators must condition policy on the health of existing banks.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 32
Keywords: competition, efficiency, stability, Boone indicator, quantile regression, regulation
JEL Classification: G21, G28
Date posted: January 6, 2013 ; Last revised: March 12, 2014
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