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http://ssrn.com/abstract=2212323
 
 

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Jewish Persecutions and Weather Shocks: 1100-1800


Warren Anderson


University of Michigan at Dearborn

Noel D. Johnson


George Mason University - Department of Economics; George Mason University - Mercatus Center

Mark Koyama


George Mason University - Department of Economics; George Mason University - Mercatus Center

December 30, 2013

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 13-06

Abstract:     
What factors caused the persecution of minorities in medieval and early modern Europe? We build a model that predicts that minority communities were more likely to be expropriated in the wake of negative income shocks. Using panel data consisting of 1,366 city-level persecutions of Jews from 936 European cities between 1100 and 1800, we test whether persecutions were more likely in colder growing seasons. A one standard deviation decrease in average growing season temperature increased the probability of a persecution between one-half and one percentage points (relative to a baseline probability of two percent). This effect was strongest in regions with poor soil quality or located within weak states. We argue that long-run decline in violence against Jews between 1500 and 1800 is partly attributable to increases in fiscal and legal capacity across many European states.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 59

Keywords: Political Economy, State Capacity, Expulsions, Jewish History, Climate

JEL Classification: N33, N43, Z12, J15, N53

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Date posted: February 6, 2013 ; Last revised: January 2, 2014

Suggested Citation

Anderson, Warren and Johnson, Noel D. and Koyama, Mark, Jewish Persecutions and Weather Shocks: 1100-1800 (December 30, 2013). GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 13-06. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2212323 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2212323

Contact Information

R. Warren Anderson
University of Michigan at Dearborn ( email )
4901 Evergreen Road
Dearborn, MI 48128-1491
United States
Noel D. Johnson
George Mason University - Department of Economics ( email )
4400 University Drive
Fairfax, VA 22030
United States
George Mason University - Mercatus Center
3434 Washington Blvd., 4th Floor
Arlington, VA 22201
United States
Mark Koyama (Contact Author)
George Mason University - Department of Economics ( email )
4400 University Drive
Fairfax, VA 22030
United States
HOME PAGE: http://mason.gmu.edu/~mkoyama2/About.html
George Mason University - Mercatus Center ( email )
3434 Washington Blvd., 4th Floor
Arlington, VA 22201
United States
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