State Strength and Economic Globalization: Proposing a Typology of CSR Regulation
Jette Steen Knudsen
Tufts University - The Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy; Copenhagen University; MIT; Nottingham University Business School - ICCSR
Nottingham University Business School (NUBS)
February 7, 2013
This article takes its starting point in two recent and related empirical developments: First, through Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) companies address global challenges and opportunities. Second, national governments increasingly regulate CSR. This poses a puzzle: if private actors face a range of new social demands as they operate in host countries then does that leave home country governments any room to regulate corporations? Existing research highlights three types of government involvement in CSR regulation: substitution, mirroring and private governance of transnational business. Each type can be categorized along two dimensions: the strength of economic globalization and the strength of the state. We show that explanations of the role of governments in driving CSR fail to account for the growth of government regulation that shapes internationalized CSR rules through companies. We propose that the literature on CSR regulation should include a fourth regulatory model characterized by a strong state and a high degree of economic globalization. We refer to this as “state-driven governance of transnational business”.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 39
Keywords: corporate social responsibility (CSR), governance, domestic, transnational, typology
Date posted: February 7, 2013
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