Collective Rights Management, Competition Policy and Cultural Diversity: EU Lawmaking at a Crossroads
Christoph B. Graber
University of Zurich, Faculty of Law
The WIPO Journal, Vol. 4, No. 1, pp. 35-43, 2012
In the digital networked environment, user’s expectations of getting easy access to digital content all the time and through a multitude of devices clash with the territorial structure of copyright and the complications of the licensing process. Under these circumstances, systems of collective rights management (CRM) offering a one-stop shop for rights clearance would seem to be an attractive solution to simplify cross-border licensing and save on transaction costs. In the European Union (EU), the Commission has made many attempts over the last decade not only to make collective management organizations (CMOs) work more efficiently but also to bring them from a system of national licenses granted by national monopolies to a system of EU-wide authorizations. The European Commission’s Proposal of 12 July 2012 for a directive on CRM is a confirmation of this policy. However, it is questionable whether these regulatory attempts are compatible with cultural diversity interests. This paper discusses the role of CRM in ensuring cultural diversity and how a purely competition-orientated approach can impinge on this. It does so through analyzing EU case law and the Commission’s Proposal.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 10
Keywords: copyright, collective rights management, directive, European Commission, collective management organisations, copyright licences, one-stop shop, competition law, cultural diversity
JEL Classification: K10, K11, K21, K33
Date posted: February 10, 2013
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