The Case for Regulating Collaborative Reproduction: A Children's Rights Perspective
Helen M. Alvare
George Mason University - Antonin Scalia Law School, Faculty
Harvard Journal on Legislation, Vol. 40, No. 1, Winter 2003
George Mason Law & Economics Research Paper No. 13-12
There is little regulation of collaborative reproduction-the use of the eggs, sperm, or embryos of a third party to create a child biologically unrelated to at least one intending parent. This Article argues that the dearth of regulation should be assessed from a children's rights perspective and accordingly adjusted. After examining the effects of the experimental reproductive technologies, it concludes that traditional family law preferences and policies are undercut by the deliberate creation of collaboratively reproduced children. The lack of regulation might stem from constitutional protection afforded parents in the right of privacy and substantive due process cases. The author, however, contends that collaborative reproduction implicates the rights of children and requires a separate balancing of rights not contemplated in the other cases. Collaborative reproduction also requires regulation because of its spill over effects on the acceptability of cloning. The Article concludes by offering several possible regulatory responses to the problems posed by collaborative reproduction.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 64
Keywords: artificial, bioethics, clinic, cloning, disorders, donation, donor, embryo, fertility, genetics, IVF, in vitro fertilization, implantation, injection, insemination, intracytoplasmic, laboratory, marriage, married, parental rights, procreation, registry, sperm, testing, two-parent households, uterus
JEL Classification: I18, I31, J12, J13, J17, J19
Date posted: February 12, 2013
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