Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=2216750
 


 



Gender Identity and Relative Income within Households


Marianne Bertrand


University of Chicago - Booth School of Business; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

Emir Kamenica


University of Chicago - Booth School of Business - Economics

Jessica Pan


National University of Singapore (NUS)

February 1, 2013

Chicago Booth Research Paper No. 13-08

Abstract:     
We examine causes and consequences of relative income within households. We establish that gender identity – in particular, an aversion to the wife earning more than the husband – impacts marriage formation, the wife’s labor force participation, the wife’s income conditional on working, satisfaction with the marriage, divorce, and the division of home production. The distribution of the share of household income earned by the wife exhibits a sharp cliff at 0.5, which suggests that a couple is less willing to match if her income exceeds his. Within marriage markets, when a randomly chosen woman becomes more likely to earn more than a randomly chosen man, the marriage rates decline. Within couples, if the wife’s potential income (based on her demographics) is likely to exceed the husband’s, the wife is less likely to be in the labor force and earns less than her potential if she does work. Couples where the wife earns more than the husband are less satisfied with their marriage and are more likely to divorce. Finally, based on time use surveys, the gender gap in non-market work is larger if the wife earns more than the husband.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 44

Keywords: gender roles, gender gap, marriage market

JEL Classification: D10, J12, J16

working papers series


Download This Paper

Date posted: February 13, 2013 ; Last revised: April 16, 2013

Suggested Citation

Bertrand, Marianne and Kamenica, Emir and Pan, Jessica, Gender Identity and Relative Income within Households (February 1, 2013). Chicago Booth Research Paper No. 13-08. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2216750 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2216750

Contact Information

Marianne Bertrand (Contact Author)
University of Chicago - Booth School of Business ( email )
5807 S. Woodlawn Avenue
Chicago, IL 60637
United States
773-834-5943 (Phone)
HOME PAGE: http://gsbwww.uchicago.edu/fac/marianne.bertrand/vita/cv_0604.pdf
National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) ( email )
1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States
617-588-0341 (Phone)
617-876-2742 (Fax)
Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)
77 Bastwick Street
London, EC1V 3PZ
United Kingdom
Emir Kamenica
University of Chicago - Booth School of Business - Economics ( email )
Graduate School of Business
5807 S. Woodlawn Ave.
Chicago, IL 60637
United States
Jessica Pan
National University of Singapore (NUS) ( email )
Bukit Timah Road 469 G
Singapore, 117591
Singapore
Feedback to SSRN


Paper statistics
Abstract Views: 860
Downloads: 223
Download Rank: 69,674
Paper comments
No comments have been made on this paper

© 2014 Social Science Electronic Publishing, Inc. All Rights Reserved.  FAQ   Terms of Use   Privacy Policy   Copyright   Contact Us
This page was processed by apollo1 in 0.407 seconds