References (55)



Big Brother's Shadow: Historical Decline in Electronic Surveillance by Canadian Federal Law Enforcement

Nicholas Koutros

Carleton University

Julien Demers

University of Ottawa - Faculty of Law; Independent

February 4, 2013

Despite popular perception of increased government surveillance, a longitudinal study of the Annual Reports on the Use of Electronic Surveillance published by Public Safety Canada between 1973 and 2011, demonstrates the opposite trend. This paper first outlines this decline to situate the use of electronic surveillance by federal law enforcement. The second section of the paper advances legal, political, and practical influences which are likely contributing to diminished use of wiretapping by police. The purpose of this paper is to present quantitative evidence to better inform the ongoing debate around extending “lawful access” regimes in Canada. By using official government statistics as a foundation, this paper provides a practical grounding to the theoretical academic and legal research which often informs law, legislation and public policy governing the use of surveillance technology.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 61

Keywords: electronic, surveillance, Canada, Law Enforcement, Wiretapping, annual, report, Royal Canadian Mounted Police, RCMP, Canadian Security Intelligence Service, CSIS, Federal, Police, Privacy, Commissioner, Legislature, Protection of Privacy Act, Production Orders, Crime Rates, Duarte, Tse

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Date posted: February 19, 2013 ; Last revised: March 15, 2013

Suggested Citation

Koutros, Nicholas and Demers, Julien, Big Brother's Shadow: Historical Decline in Electronic Surveillance by Canadian Federal Law Enforcement (February 4, 2013). Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2220740 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2220740

Contact Information

Nicholas Koutros (Contact Author)
Carleton University ( email )
1125 colonel By Drive
Ottawa, Ontario K1S 5B6
Julien Demers
University of Ottawa - Faculty of Law ( email )
57 Louis Pasteur Street
Ottawa, Ontario K1N 6N5
Independent ( email )
No Address Available
United States
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