Frustrated Freedom: The Effects of Agency and Wealth on Wellbeing in Rural Mozambique
Vanderbilt University - Organization Studies
Edward F. Fischer
Vanderbilt University - Anthropology Department
Vanderbilt University - Statistics
Vanderbilt University - School of Medicine
Vanderbilt University - Institute for Global Health
February 5, 2013
World Development, Forthcoming
Vanderbilt Owen Graduate School of Management Research Paper No. 2220849
In the capability approach to poverty, wellbeing is threatened by both deficits of wealth and deficits of agency. Sen describes that “unfreedom,” or low levels of agency, will suppress the wellbeing effects of higher levels of wealth. We introduce another condition, “frustrated freedom,” in which higher levels of agency belief can heighten the poverty effects of low levels of wealth. Presenting data from a study of female heads of household in rural Mozambique, we find that agency belief moderates the relationship between wealth and wellbeing, uncovering evidence of frustrated freedom.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 47
Keywords: poverty, capabilities, agency, wellbeing, Mozambique, AfricaAccepted Paper Series
Date posted: February 20, 2013 ; Last revised: March 22, 2013
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