Personal Jurisdiction and Choice of Law in the Cloud
Damon C. Andrews
U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit
John M. Newman
U.S. Department of Justice - Antitrust Division
March 3, 2013
73 Maryland Law Review ___ 2013, Forthcoming
Cloud computing has revolutionized how society interacts with, and via, technology. Though some early detractors criticized the “cloud” as being nothing more than an empty industry buzzword, we contend that by dovetailing communications and calculating processes for the first time in recorded history, cloud computing is — both practically and legally — a shift in prevailing paradigms. As a practical matter, the cloud brings with it a previously undreamt-of sense of location independence for both suppliers and consumers. And legally, the shift toward deploying computing ability as a service, rather than a product, represents an evolution to a contractual foundation for all relevant interactions.
Already, substantive cloud-related disputes have erupted in a variety of legal fields, including personal privacy, intellectual property, and antitrust, to name a few. Yet before courts can confront such issues, they must first address the two fundamental procedural questions of a lawsuit that form the bases of this Article — first, whether any law applies in the cloud, and, if so, which law ought to apply. Drawing upon novel analyses of analogous Internet jurisprudence, as well as concepts borrowed from disciplines ranging from economics to anthropology, this Article seeks to supply answers to these questions. To do so, we first identify a set of normative goals that jurisdictional and choice-of-law methodologies ought to seek to achieve in the unique context of cloud computing. With these goals in mind, we then supply structured analytical guidelines and suggested policy reforms to guide the continued development of jurisdiction and choice of law in the cloud.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 54
Keywords: cloud computing, personal jurisdiction, choice of law, conflict of laws, civil procedure, complex litigation, copyright in the cloud, antitrust in the cloud, privacy in the cloud
JEL Classification: O30, O31, O34Accepted Paper Series
Date posted: March 6, 2013 ; Last revised: April 7, 2013
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