Evolution of Cartel Practice in Croatia
Desa Mlikotin Tomic
University of Zagreb, Faculty of Economics and Business
Jasminka Pecotic Kaufman
University of Zagreb
April 2, 2009
Proceedings of 7th International Conference «Economic Integration, Competition and Cooperation», 2-3 April, 2009, Opatija, University of Rijeka – Faculty of Economics, CD with Full papers
This paper analyses the development of cartel enforcement practice in Croatia since the first Competition Act was adopted in 1995, i.e. since the Competition Agency was established in 1997. Until 2009 only five decisions have been adopted which deal with the issue of cartel arrangements between competitors. The facts of these cases are presented and main legal issues discussed. The authors point out to three underlying characteristics of the ten-year enforcement practice: (a) all cartel cases concerned explicit collusion; (b) in all cartel cases there was an association of undertakings that promoted collusion and/or helped to enforce the cartel; (c) undertakings gave self-incriminating statements in the proceedings before the Competition Agency. On the basis of these characteristics the authors conclude that the fight against cartels in Croatia is still in its infancy. Some awaited legislation changes (introduction of leniency, competence of the Competition Agency to decide on fines) should make cartel enforcement more viable in the future.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 10
Keywords: cartels, collusion, competition law, enforcement, Croatia
JEL Classification: K21, L41
Date posted: March 23, 2013 ; Last revised: May 22, 2013
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