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http://ssrn.com/abstract=2240232
 
 

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Desistance and Legitimacy: The Impact of Offender Notification Meetings on Recidivism Among High Risk Offenders


Andrew V. Papachristos


Yale University - Department of Sociology

Danielle M. Wallace


Arizona State University (ASU)

Tracey L. Meares


Yale University - Law School

Jeffrey Fagan


Columbia Law School

March 27, 2013

Columbia Public Law Research Paper No. 13-343
Yale Law & Economics Research Paper No. 469

Abstract:     
Objective: Legitimacy-based approaches to crime prevention operate under the assumption that individuals — including violent offenders — are more likely to comply with the law when they believe that the law and its agents are legitimate and act in ways that seem inherently “fair” and “just.” While mounting evidence finds an association between such legitimacy-based programs and reductions in aggregate levels of crime and violence, no study has investigated whether such programs influence individual offending. This study evaluates the effectiveness of one such program — Project Safe Neighborhoods’ (PSN) Offender Notification Meetings — at reducing individual recidivism among a population of returning prisoners in Chicago.

Methods: This study uses a quasi-experimental design and two types of survival analyses (Cox hazard models and competing risk models) to evaluate the effects of PSN on the subsequent recidivism of program participants relative to the control group.

Results: Cox hazard models and competing risk models suggest that involvement in PSN significantly reduces the risk of subsequent incarceration. In fact, participation in PSN Offender Notification Forums is associated with a significant lengthening of the time that offenders remain on the street and out of prison.

Conclusion: This study provides some of the first individual-level evidence of the efficacy of such programs on patterns of individual offending. Results suggest that interventions such as these do indeed reduce rates of recidivism in the treatment group.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 40

Keywords: legitimacy, recidivism, Project Safe Neighborhoods

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Date posted: March 28, 2013 ; Last revised: May 8, 2013

Suggested Citation

Papachristos, Andrew V. and Wallace, Danielle M. and Meares, Tracey L. and Fagan, Jeffrey, Desistance and Legitimacy: The Impact of Offender Notification Meetings on Recidivism Among High Risk Offenders (March 27, 2013). Columbia Public Law Research Paper No. 13-343; Yale Law & Economics Research Paper No. 469. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2240232 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2240232

Contact Information

Andrew V. Papachristos (Contact Author)
Yale University - Department of Sociology ( email )
New Haven, CT 06520
United States
HOME PAGE: http://papachristos.org
Danielle M. Wallace
Arizona State University (ASU) ( email )
Farmer Building 440G PO Box 872011
Tempe, AZ 85287
United States
Tracey Louise Meares
Yale University - Law School ( email )
P.O. Box 208215
New Haven, CT 06520-8215
United States
203-432-4074 (Phone)
203-432-4876 (Fax)
Jeffrey Fagan
Columbia Law School ( email )
435 West 116th Street
New York, NY 10025
United States
212-854-2624 (Phone)
212-854-7946 (Fax)
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