Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=2242446
 
 

References (32)



 


 



Radio and the Rise of the Nazis in Prewar Germany


Maja Adena


Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung (WZB)

Ruben Enikolopov


Institute for Political Economy and Governance; Universitat Pompeu Fabra; New Economic School

Maria Petrova


Institute for Political Economy and Governance, Barcelona; Universitat Pompeu Fabra; Barcelona Graduate School of Economics (Barcelona GSE); New Economic School (NES)

Veronica Santarosa


University of Michigan Law School

Ekaterina Zhuravskaya


Paris School of Economics; New Economic School

August 23, 2013


Abstract:     
How far can the media protect or undermine democratic institutions in unconsolidated democracies, and how persuasive can they be in ensuring public support for dictator’s policies? We study this question in the context of Germany between 1929 and 1939. Using geographical and temporal variation in radio availability, we show that radio had a significant negative effect on the Nazi electoral support between 1929 and 1932, when political news were slanted against Nazi party. This effect was reversed in just 5 weeks following Hitler’s appointment as chancellor and the transfer of control of the radio to the Nazis. Pro-Nazi radio propaganda caused higher vote for the Nazis in March 1933 election. After full consolidation of power, radio propaganda helped the Nazis to enroll new party members and encouraged denunciations of Jews and other open expressions of anti-Semitism. The effect of Nazi propaganda was not uniform. Depending on listeners’ priors about the message, propaganda could be very effective or could backfire. Nazi radio was most effective in places where anti-Semitism was historically high and had a negative effect on the support for anti-Semitic policies in places with historically low anti-Semitism.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 62

working papers series


Download This Paper

Date posted: March 31, 2013 ; Last revised: August 24, 2013

Suggested Citation

Adena, Maja and Enikolopov, Ruben and Petrova, Maria and Santarosa, Veronica and Zhuravskaya, Ekaterina, Radio and the Rise of the Nazis in Prewar Germany (August 23, 2013). Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2242446 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2242446

Contact Information

Maja Adena
Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung (WZB) ( email )
Reichpietschufer 50
D-10785 Berlin, 10785
Germany
Ruben Enikolopov
Institute for Political Economy and Governance ( email )
Ramon Trias Fargas, 25-27
Barcelona, 08005
Spain
Universitat Pompeu Fabra ( email )
Ramon Trias Fargas, 25-27
Barcelona, E-08005
Spain
New Economic School ( email )
47 Nakhimovsky Prospekt
Moscow, 117418
Russia
Maria Petrova
Institute for Political Economy and Governance, Barcelona ( email )
Ramon Trias Fargas, 25-27
Barcelona, 08005
Spain
Universitat Pompeu Fabra ( email )
Ramon Trias Fargas, 25-27
Barcelona, E-08005
Spain
Barcelona Graduate School of Economics (Barcelona GSE) ( email )
Ramon Trias Fargas, 25-27
Barcelona, Barcelona 08005
Spain
New Economic School (NES) ( email )
47 Nakhimovsky Prospekt
Moscow, 117418
Russia
Veronica Santarosa
University of Michigan Law School ( email )
625 South State Street
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1215
United States
Ekaterina V. Zhuravskaya (Contact Author)
Paris School of Economics ( email )
48 Boulevard Jourdan
Paris, 75014 75014
France
New Economic School ( email )
47 Nakhimovsky Prospekt
Moscow, 117418
Russia
Feedback to SSRN


Paper statistics
Abstract Views: 2,278
Downloads: 446
Download Rank: 34,836
References:  32

© 2014 Social Science Electronic Publishing, Inc. All Rights Reserved.  FAQ   Terms of Use   Privacy Policy   Copyright   Contact Us
This page was processed by apollo8 in 0.234 seconds