Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=2242446
 
 

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Radio and the Rise of the Nazis in Prewar Germany


Maja Adena


WZB Berlin Social Science Center

Ruben Enikolopov


Institute of Political Economy and Governance; ICREA; Universitat Pompeu Fabra; New Economic School; Barcelona GSE

Maria Petrova


Institute for Political Economy and Governance, Barcelona; Universitat Pompeu Fabra; Barcelona Graduate School of Economics (Barcelona GSE); New Economic School (NES)

Veronica Santarosa


University of Michigan Law School

Ekaterina Zhuravskaya


Paris School of Economics

June 3, 2015


Abstract:     
How do the media affect public support for democratic institutions in a fragile democracy? What role do they play in a dictatorial regime? We study these questions in the context of Germany of the 1920s and 1930s. During the democratic period, when the Weimar government introduced pro-government political news, the growth of Nazi popularity slowed down in areas with access to radio. This effect was reversed during the campaign for the last competitive election as a result of the pro-Nazi radio broadcast following Hitler’s appointment as German chancellor. During the consolidation of dictatorship, radio propaganda helped the Nazis to enroll new party members. After the Nazis established their rule, radio propaganda incited anti-Semitic acts and denunciations of Jews to authorities by ordinary Germans. The effect of anti-Semitic propaganda varied depending on the listeners’ predispositions toward the message. Nazi radio was most effective in places where anti-Semitism was historically high and had a negative effect in places with historically low anti-Semitism.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 134


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Date posted: March 31, 2013 ; Last revised: June 30, 2015

Suggested Citation

Adena, Maja and Enikolopov, Ruben and Petrova, Maria and Santarosa, Veronica and Zhuravskaya, Ekaterina, Radio and the Rise of the Nazis in Prewar Germany (June 3, 2015). Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2242446 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2242446

Contact Information

Maja Adena
WZB Berlin Social Science Center ( email )
Reichpietschufer 50
D-10785 Berlin, 10785
Germany
Ruben Enikolopov
Institute of Political Economy and Governance ( email )
Ramon Trias Fargas, 25-27
Barcelona, 08005
Spain
ICREA ( email )
Passeig Lluís Companys, 23
Barcelona, 08010
Spain
Universitat Pompeu Fabra ( email )
Ramon Trias Fargas, 25-27
Barcelona, E-08005
Spain
New Economic School ( email )
47 Nakhimovsky Prospekt
Moscow, 117418
Russia
Barcelona GSE ( email )
Ramon Trias Fargas, 25-27
Barcelona, Barcelona 08005
Spain
Maria Petrova
Institute for Political Economy and Governance, Barcelona ( email )
Ramon Trias Fargas, 25-27
Barcelona, 08005
Spain
Universitat Pompeu Fabra ( email )
Ramon Trias Fargas, 25-27
Barcelona, E-08005
Spain
Barcelona Graduate School of Economics (Barcelona GSE) ( email )
Ramon Trias Fargas, 25-27
Barcelona, Barcelona 08005
Spain
New Economic School (NES) ( email )
47 Nakhimovsky Prospekt
Moscow, 117418
Russia
Veronica Santarosa
University of Michigan Law School ( email )
625 South State Street
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1215
United States
Ekaterina V. Zhuravskaya (Contact Author)
Paris School of Economics ( email )
48 Boulevard Jourdan
Paris, 75014 75014
France
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