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http://ssrn.com/abstract=2242446
 
 

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Radio and the Rise of the Nazis in Prewar Germany


Maja Adena


Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung (WZB)

Ruben Enikolopov


Institute for Political Economy and Governance; Universitat Pompeu Fabra; New Economic School

Maria Petrova


Institute for Political Economy and Governance, Barcelona; Universitat Pompeu Fabra; Barcelona Graduate School of Economics (Barcelona GSE); New Economic School (NES)

Veronica Santarosa


University of Michigan Law School

Ekaterina Zhuravskaya


Paris School of Economics

September 3, 2014


Abstract:     
Can the media protect or undermine democratic institutions in unconsolidated democracies? Do the media affect public support for dictators? We study these questions in the context of Germany in 1920s and 30s. During the democratic period, growth of Nazi popularity slowed down in areas with access to radio when Weimar government introduced pro-government political news. This effect was reversed during the campaign for the last competitive election after the introduction of pro-Nazi radio propaganda following Hitler’s appointment as German chancellor. During the dictatorship, radio propaganda helped the Nazis to enroll new party members and encouraged denunciations of Jews and open expressions of anti-Semitism. The effect of propaganda varied depending on the listeners’ predispositions toward the message. Nazi radio was most effective in places where anti-Semitism was historically high and had a negative effect on the support for Nazi messages in places with historically low anti-Semitism.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 114

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Date posted: March 31, 2013 ; Last revised: September 5, 2014

Suggested Citation

Adena, Maja and Enikolopov, Ruben and Petrova, Maria and Santarosa, Veronica and Zhuravskaya, Ekaterina, Radio and the Rise of the Nazis in Prewar Germany (September 3, 2014). Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2242446 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2242446

Contact Information

Maja Adena
Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung (WZB) ( email )
Reichpietschufer 50
D-10785 Berlin, 10785
Germany
Ruben Enikolopov
Institute for Political Economy and Governance ( email )
Ramon Trias Fargas, 25-27
Barcelona, 08005
Spain
Universitat Pompeu Fabra ( email )
Ramon Trias Fargas, 25-27
Barcelona, E-08005
Spain
New Economic School ( email )
47 Nakhimovsky Prospekt
Moscow, 117418
Russia
Maria Petrova
Institute for Political Economy and Governance, Barcelona ( email )
Ramon Trias Fargas, 25-27
Barcelona, 08005
Spain
Universitat Pompeu Fabra ( email )
Ramon Trias Fargas, 25-27
Barcelona, E-08005
Spain
Barcelona Graduate School of Economics (Barcelona GSE) ( email )
Ramon Trias Fargas, 25-27
Barcelona, Barcelona 08005
Spain
New Economic School (NES) ( email )
47 Nakhimovsky Prospekt
Moscow, 117418
Russia
Veronica Santarosa
University of Michigan Law School ( email )
625 South State Street
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1215
United States
Ekaterina V. Zhuravskaya (Contact Author)
Paris School of Economics ( email )
48 Boulevard Jourdan
Paris, 75014 75014
France
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