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The Importance of Information and Participation Principles in Environmental Law in Brazil, the United States and Beyond


David N. Cassuto


Pace University - School of Law

Romulo S. R. Sampaio Sr.


Getulio Vargas Foundation (FGV) School of Law; PACE Law School

April 8, 2013

Review of European Community & International Environmental Law (RECIEL), Vol. 22, No. 1, 2013

Abstract:     
This article explores the two different kinds of uncertainty, ‘hard’ uncertainty (unknown unknowns) and ‘soft’ uncertainty (known unknowns), in the context of environmental law decision making. First, the authors argue that these different categories should not be treated the same when facing decisions under uncertainty. To deal with these different uncertainties, a tiered risk analysis process is called for, using participatory techniques to turn hard uncertainty into (more manageable) soft uncertainty as well as to increase the legitimacy of environmental decision making, even in cases of hard uncertainty. This methodology can and should apply to all instances of domestic, transnational and international environmental law making. This article applies this conceptual platform to analyze how participatory techniques can be factored in to manage uncertainty by reference to two domestic systems – American and Brazilian environmental law – as well as to international (environmental) law. The authors conclude that managing uncertainty in the environmental decision-making process is a procedural justice tool to promote more balanced and equitable outcomes.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 10

Keywords: environmental law, international environmental law, comparative law, risk management, Brazil, governance

JEL Classification: D81, D82, H77, K32, K33, N50, Q28, Q38, Q48

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Date posted: April 9, 2013  

Suggested Citation

Cassuto, David N. and Sampaio, Romulo S. R., The Importance of Information and Participation Principles in Environmental Law in Brazil, the United States and Beyond (April 8, 2013). Review of European Community & International Environmental Law (RECIEL), Vol. 22, No. 1, 2013. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2246986

Contact Information

David N. Cassuto (Contact Author)
Pace University - School of Law ( email )
78 North Broadway
White Plains, NY 10603
United States
Romulo S. R. Sampaio Sr.
Getulio Vargas Foundation (FGV) School of Law ( email )
Praia de Botafogo, 190
13o andar
Rio de Janeiro 22250-900
Brazil
HOME PAGE: http://www.direitorio.fgv.br
PACE Law School ( email )
78 North Broadway
White Plains, NY 10603
United States
HOME PAGE: http://www.law.pace.edu
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