Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=2261295
 
 

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Testing the Results of Municipal Mixed-Use Zoning Ordinances: A Novel Methodological Approach


Carol L. Cannon


The CDM Group, Inc.

Sue Thomas


Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation (PIRE)

Ryan D. Treffers


Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation (PIRE)

Mallie J. Paschall


Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation (PIRE)

Lauren Heumann


University of California, Berkeley

Gregory W. Mann


California State University, East Bay

Dashiell O. Dunkell


5 Gyres Institute

Saskia Nauenberg


University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA)

May 6, 2013


Abstract:     
Municipal mixed-use zoning (MUZ) is one public health strategy to create more walkable neighborhoods by reducing the separation of daily activities. This study uses a novel data-gathering methodology to evaluate municipal zoning ordinances in twenty-two California cities in conjunction with the walkability potential of resulting mixed-use zones, to explore the extent to which variations in uses mandated by MUZ ordinances are correlated with variations in walking opportunities. We find that, after controlling for population, socioeconomic status, and zone size, significant relationships exist between the range and precision of uses mandated by MUZ ordinances and the mixture and breadth of walking destinations in these zones. The study also demonstrates that analysis of municipal zoning codes and a novel data-gathering methodology yield valid data. The analysis of MUZ ordinances is a significant complement to other approaches to measuring walkability and can be used across cities.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 26

Keywords: Mixed use, zoning, walkability, public health law, municipal ordinances

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Date posted: May 7, 2013  

Suggested Citation

Cannon, Carol L. and Thomas, Sue and Treffers, Ryan D. and Paschall, Mallie J. and Heumann, Lauren and Mann, Gregory W. and Dunkell, Dashiell O. and Nauenberg, Saskia, Testing the Results of Municipal Mixed-Use Zoning Ordinances: A Novel Methodological Approach (May 6, 2013). Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2261295 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2261295

Contact Information

Carol Lynn Cannon (Contact Author)
The CDM Group, Inc. ( email )
7500 Old Georgetown Road
Suite 900
Bethesda, MD 20814
United States
Sue Thomas
Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation (PIRE) ( email )
P.O. Box 7042
Santa Cruz, CA 95060
United States
(831) 621.7937 (Phone)
HOME PAGE: http://www.pire.org
Ryan D. Treffers
Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation (PIRE) ( email )
P.O. Box 7042
Santa Cruz, CA 95060
United States
415-830-3275 (Phone)
Mallie J. Paschall
Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation (PIRE) ( email )
11720 Beltsville Drive, Suite 900
Calverton, MD 20705
United States
Lauren Heumann
University of California, Berkeley ( email )
310 Barrows Hall
Berkeley, CA 94720
United States
Gregory W. Mann
California State University, East Bay ( email )
25800 Carlos Bee Boulevard
Hayward, CA 94542
United States
Dashiell O. Dunkell
5 Gyres Institute ( email )
550 E Rustic Rd
Santa Monica, CA 90402
United States
Saskia Nauenberg
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) ( email )
405 Hilgard Avenue
Box 951361
Los Angeles, CA 90095
United States
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References:  42

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