Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=2266613
 
 

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The Role of Age in Jury Selection and Trial Outcomes


Shamena Anwar


Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management

Patrick J. Bayer


Duke University - Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Randi Hjalmarsson


Queen Mary, University of London

May 2013

Economic Research Initiatives at Duke (ERID) Working Paper No. 146

Abstract:     
This paper uses data from 700 felony trials in Sarasota and Lake Counties in Florida from 2000-2010 to examine the role of age in jury selection and trial outcomes. The results imply that prosecutors are more likely to use their peremptory challenges to exclude younger members of the jury pool, while defense attorneys exclude older potential jurors. To examine the causal impact of age on trial outcomes, the paper employs a research design that isolates the effect of the random variation in the age composition of the pool of eligible jurors called for jury duty. Consistent with the jury selection patterns, the empirical evidence implies that older jurors are significantly more likely to convict. Results are robust to the inclusion of broad set of controls including county, time, and judge fixed effects. These findings imply that many cases are decided differently for reasons that are completely independent of the true nature of the evidence in the case – i.e., that there is substantial randomness in the application of criminal justice.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 40

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Date posted: May 20, 2013  

Suggested Citation

Anwar, Shamena and Bayer, Patrick J. and Hjalmarsson, Randi, The Role of Age in Jury Selection and Trial Outcomes (May 2013). Economic Research Initiatives at Duke (ERID) Working Paper No. 146. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2266613

Contact Information

Shamena Anwar
Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management ( email )
Pittsburgh, PA 15213-3890
United States
Patrick J. Bayer (Contact Author)
Duke University - Department of Economics ( email )
Durham, NC 27708-0204
United States
National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)
1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States
Randi Hjalmarsson
Queen Mary, University of London ( email )
Mile End Road
London, London E1 4NS
United Kingdom
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