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http://ssrn.com/abstract=2268552
 
 

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Generating Skilled Self-Employment in Developing Countries: Experimental Evidence from Uganda


Christopher Blattman


Columbia University - School of International & Public Affairs (SIPA); Columbia University - Department of Political Science; Bureau for Research and Economic Analysis of Development (BREAD); Center for Global Development; Innovations for Poverty Action

Nathan Fiala


German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin)

Sebastian Martinez


Inter-American Development Bank (IDB)

November 14, 2013

Quarterly Journal of Economics, Forthcoming

Abstract:     
We study a government program in Uganda designed to help the poor and unemployed become self-employed artisans, increase incomes, and thus promote social stability. Young adults in Uganda’s conflict-affected north were invited to form groups and submit grant proposals for vocational training and business start-up. Funding was randomly assigned among screened and eligible groups. Treatment groups received unsupervised grants of $382 per member. Grant recipients invest some in skills training but most in tools and materials. After four years half practice a skilled trade. Relative to the control group, the program increases business assets by 57%, work hours by 17%, and earnings by 38%. Many also formalize their enterprises and hire labor. We see no impact, however, on social cohesion, anti-social behavior, or protest. Impacts are similar by gender, but are qualitatively different for women because they begin poorer (meaning the impact is larger relative to their starting point) and because women’s work and earnings stagnate without the program but take off with it. The patterns we observe are consistent with credit-constraints.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 88

Keywords: Employment, poverty, entrepreneurship, cash transfers, occupational choice, Uganda, field experiment

JEL Classification: J24, O12, D13, C93

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Date posted: May 23, 2013 ; Last revised: April 30, 2014

Suggested Citation

Blattman, Christopher and Fiala, Nathan and Martinez, Sebastian, Generating Skilled Self-Employment in Developing Countries: Experimental Evidence from Uganda (November 14, 2013). Quarterly Journal of Economics, Forthcoming. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2268552 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2268552

Contact Information

Christopher Blattman (Contact Author)
Columbia University - School of International & Public Affairs (SIPA) ( email )
420 West 118th Street
New York, NY 10027
United States
Columbia University - Department of Political Science ( email )
MC3320
420 West 118th Street
New York, NY 10027
United States
Bureau for Research and Economic Analysis of Development (BREAD) ( email )
Duke University
Durham, NC 90097
United States
Center for Global Development ( email )
2055 L St. NW
5th floor
Washington, DC 20036
United States
Innovations for Poverty Action ( email )
New Haven, CT
United States
Nathan Fiala
German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin) ( email )
Mohrenstraße 58
Berlin, 10117
Germany
Sebastian Martinez
Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) ( email )
1300 New York Ave
Washington, DC 20011
United States
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