Associational Privacy, the Presumption of Innocence, and 'Corruption of Blood' as Constitutional Metaphors in the Debate on 'Familial Searching'
David H. Kaye
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
November 12, 2012
American Criminal Law Review Blog, November 2012
Penn State Law Research Paper No. 14-2013
This essay analyzes three constitutional claims about the emerging practice of trawling DNA databases for “near misses” to crime-scene samples that might reflect the fact that the DNA came from a first-degree relative of the nearly matching (but excluded) individual. These claims are that this type of “outer-directed” trawling (which casts suspicion on individual outside the database) is an infringement of constitutionally protected familial privacy, an affront to the presumption of innocence, and an unconstitutional “corruption of blood.” Upon inspection, the relevant constitutional provisions lend no more than metaphorical support to these objections to “familial searching.”
Number of Pages in PDF File: 8
Keywords: DNA databases, familial searching, privacy, presumption of innocence, corruption of blood
Date posted: May 25, 2013
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