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The Effects of Monetary Policy Shocks: Some Evidence from the Flow of Funds


Lawrence J. Christiano


Northwestern University; Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland; Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago; Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Martin Eichenbaum


Northwestern University; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Charles L. Evans


Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago - Research Department

April 1994

NBER Working Paper No. w4699

Abstract:     
This paper uses the Flow of Funds accounts to assess the impact of a monetary policy shock on the borrowing and lending activities of different sectors of the economy. Our measures of contractionary monetary policy shocks have the following properties: (i) they are associated with a fall in nonborrowed reserves, total reserves, M1, the Federal Reserves' holdings of government securities and a rise in the federal funds rate, (ii) they lead to persistent declines in real GNP, employment, retail sales and nonfinancial corporate profits as well as increases in unemployment and manufacturing inventories, (iii) they generate sharp, persistent declines in commodity prices and (iv) the GDP price deflator does not respond to them for roughly a year. After that the GDP price deflator declines. Our major findings regarding the borrowing activities of different sectors can be summarized as follows. First, following a contractionary shock to monetary policy, net funds raised by the business sector increases for roughly a year. Thereafter, as the recession induced by the policy shock gains momentum, net funds raised by the business sector begins to fall. This pattern is not captured by existing monetary business cycle models. Second, we cannot reject the view that households do not adjust their financial assets and liabilities for several quarters after a monetary shock. This is consistent with a key assumption of several recent monetary business cycle models.

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Date posted: June 22, 2000  

Suggested Citation

Christiano, Lawrence J. and Eichenbaum, Martin and Evans, Charles L., The Effects of Monetary Policy Shocks: Some Evidence from the Flow of Funds (April 1994). NBER Working Paper No. w4699. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=226959

Contact Information

Lawrence J. Christiano (Contact Author)
Northwestern University ( email )
2003 Sheridan Road
Evanston, IL 60208
United States
847-491-8231 (Phone)
847-491-7001 (Fax)
Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland
East 6th & Superior
Cleveland, OH 44101-1387
United States
Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago
230 South LaSalle Street
Chicago, IL 60604
United States
Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis
90 Hennepin Avenue
Minneapolis, MN 55480
United States
National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)
1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States
Martin Eichenbaum
Northwestern University ( email )
2003 Sheridan Road
Evanston, IL 60208
United States
847-491-8232 (Phone)
847-491-7001 (Fax)
National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)
1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States
Charles L. Evans
Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago - Research Department ( email )
230 South LaSalle Street
P.O. Box 834
Chicago, IL 60604-1413
United States
312-322-5812 (Phone)
312-322-2357 (Fax)
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