Moral Elevation Reduces Prejudice Against Gay Men
Calvin K. Lai
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business
Brian A. Nosek
University of Virginia
October 21, 2013
Disgust is linked to social evaluation. People with higher disgust sensitivity exhibit more sexual prejudice (Inbar, Pizarro, Knobe, & Bloom, 2009), and inducing disgust increases sexual prejudice (Dasgupta, DeSteno, Williams, & Hunsinger, 2009). We tested whether inducing moral elevation, the theoretical opposite of disgust, would reduce sexual prejudice. In four studies (N = 3,622), we induced elevation with inspiring videos and then measured sexual prejudice with implicit and explicit measures. Compared to control videos that elicited no particular affective state, we found that elevation reduced implicit and explicit sexual prejudice, albeit very slightly. No effect was observed when the target of social evaluation was changed to race (Black-White). Inducing amusement, another positive emotion, did not significantly affect sexual prejudice. We conclude that elevation weakly but reliably reduces prejudice toward gay men.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 24
Keywords: attitudes, prejudice, sexual orientation, elevation, Implicit Association Test, social cognition
Date posted: June 21, 2013 ; Last revised: December 19, 2013
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