Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=2277117
 


 



When Three Charms But Four Alarms: Identifying the Optimal Number of Claims in Persuasion Settings


Kurt A. Carlson


Georgetown University - Department of Marketing

Suzanne B. Shu


University of California, Los Angeles - Anderson School of Management

June 10, 2013


Abstract:     
How many positive claims should be used to produce the most positive impression of a product or service? This article posits that in settings where consumers know that the message source has a persuasion motive, the optimal number of positive claims is three. More claims are better until the fourth claim, at which time consumers’ persuasion knowledge causes them to see all the claims with skepticism. The studies in this paper establish and explore this pattern, which is referred to as the charm of three. An initial experiment finds that impressions peak at three claims for sources with persuasion motives but not for sources without a persuasion motive. Experiment 2 finds that this occurs for attitudes and impressions, and that increases in skepticism after three claims explain the effect. Two final experiments examine the process by investigating how cognitive load and sequential claims impact the effect.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 50

Keywords: behavioral decision making, impression formation, perception, set size effect

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Date posted: June 11, 2013 ; Last revised: July 12, 2013

Suggested Citation

Carlson, Kurt A. and Shu, Suzanne B., When Three Charms But Four Alarms: Identifying the Optimal Number of Claims in Persuasion Settings (June 10, 2013). Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2277117 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2277117

Contact Information

Kurt A. Carlson (Contact Author)
Georgetown University - Department of Marketing ( email )
Washington, DC 20057
United States

Suzanne B. Shu
University of California, Los Angeles - Anderson School of Management ( email )
110 Westwood Plaza
Los Angeles, CA 90095-1481
United States
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