Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=2281307
 


 



Erie's International Effect: A Reply


Donald Earl Childress III


Pepperdine University School of Law

2013

Northwestern University Law Review Colloquy, Vol. 108, 2013
Pepperdine University Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2013/12

Abstract:     
Currently, when resolving transnational choice of law issues, federal district courts unflinchingly follow state choice of law rules to determine the governing substantive law (U.S. state or foreign). Federal courts believe they are compelled by the Erie doctrine to follow state choice of law rules even in transnational cases because, according to the Supreme Court in a decision from the 1970s that predates the substantial expansion of transnational litigation, a “federal court in a diversity case is not free to engraft onto those state rules exceptions or modifications which may commend themselves to the federal court, but which have not commended themselves to the State in which the federal court sits.”

In When Erie Goes International (the Article), I endeavored to open up a conversation concerning the Erie doctrine’s applicability in transnational cases, and explored the concrete questions raised by the application of the Erie doctrine to transnational choice of law. In light of Erie’s twin aims of discouraging forum shopping between state and federal courts and avoiding the inequitable administration of the laws, I put forward a suggested approach to encourage courts to more forthrightly engage in analyzing transnational conflicts cases.

In exploring Erie’s transnational effects in the choice of law context, I had several hopes. First, I hoped to encourage a more sophisticated understanding of the unique dynamics that transnational litigation presents for domestic courts. Second, I hoped to explain that transnational and domestic cases might be different and could be treated differently by courts. Third, I wanted to test empirically the impact that the Erie doctrine might have on other doctrines. Fourth, I hoped that bringing the unique issues presented by transnational litigation in the Erie context to light would encourage further scholarly study, leading to better outcomes in transnational choice of law cases.

In light of these goals, I was pleased to see that one of the leading scholars of the Erie doctrine, Professor Michael Steven Green, paid me the high honor of engaging the Article. In this Reply, I will follow his thoughtful lead and make one point of clarification before exploring more critical points. In Part I I clarify that the Article was limited to transnational choice of law and developing federal procedural common law rules for transnational choice of law cases. However, even with that limitation, it has relevance to other transnational areas impacted by the Erie doctrine. As I explain in Part II, my critical point is that the Erie doctrine, as applied in transnational choice of law, may have effects on transnational forum shopping. I conclude in Part III by illustrating briefly where continuing the conversation on Erie’s international effects might take us.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 15

Keywords: choice of law, forum shopping, Erie, transnational, diversity, alienage

Accepted Paper Series


Download This Paper

Date posted: June 20, 2013 ; Last revised: May 10, 2014

Suggested Citation

Childress III, Donald Earl, Erie's International Effect: A Reply (2013). Northwestern University Law Review Colloquy, Vol. 108, 2013; Pepperdine University Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2013/12. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2281307

Contact Information

Donald Earl Childress III (Contact Author)
Pepperdine University School of Law ( email )
24255 Pacific Coast Highway
Malibu, CA 90263
United States
310-506-4807 (Phone)
HOME PAGE: http://www.law.pepperdine.edu/academics/faculty/childress.html
Feedback to SSRN


Paper statistics
Abstract Views: 129
Downloads: 17

© 2014 Social Science Electronic Publishing, Inc. All Rights Reserved.  FAQ   Terms of Use   Privacy Policy   Copyright   Contact Us
This page was processed by apollo3 in 0.469 seconds