Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=2288096
 


 



Use of Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis in Regulatory Alternatives Analysis: A Case Study of Lead Free Solder


Timothy F. Malloy


University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - School of Law

Peter J. Sinsheimer


University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - School of Public Health

Ann Blake


Independent

Igor Linkov


Independent

July 1, 2013

Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management, 2013
UCLA School of Law Research Paper No. 13-17

Abstract:     
Regulators are implementing new programs that require manufacturers of products containing certain chemicals of concern to identify, evaluate and adopt viable, safer alternatives. Such programs raise the difficult question for policymakers and regulated businesses of which alternatives are “viable” and “safer.” To address that question, these programs use “alternatives analysis,” an emerging methodology that integrates issues of human health and environmental effects with technical feasibility and economic impact. Despite the central role that alternatives analysis plays in these programs, the methodology itself is neither well-developed nor tailored to application in regulatory settings. This study uses the case of lead-based bar solder and its non-lead based alternatives to examine the application of two multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA) methods to alternatives analysis: multi-attribute utility analysis and outranking. It develops and evaluates an alternatives analysis methodology and supporting decision-analysis software for use in a regulatory context, using weighting of the relevant decision criteria generated from a stakeholder elicitation process. The analysis produced complete rankings of the alternatives, including identification of the relative contribution to the ranking of each of the highest level decision criteria such as human health impacts, technical feasibility and economic feasibility. It also examined the effect of variation in data conventions, weighting, and decision frameworks on the outcome. The results indicate that MCDA can play a critical role in emerging prevention-based regulatory programs. MCDA methods offer a means for transparent, objective and rigorous analysis of products and processes, providing regulators and stakeholders with a common baseline understanding of the relative performance of alternatives and the trade-offs they present.

Keywords: Alternatives analysis, alternatives assessment, chemicals, multi-criteria decision analysis, regulation

Accepted Paper Series


Not Available For Download

Date posted: July 2, 2013  

Suggested Citation

Malloy, Timothy F. and Sinsheimer, Peter J. and Blake, Ann and Linkov, Igor, Use of Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis in Regulatory Alternatives Analysis: A Case Study of Lead Free Solder (July 1, 2013). Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management, 2013; UCLA School of Law Research Paper No. 13-17. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2288096

Contact Information

Timothy F. Malloy (Contact Author)
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - School of Law ( email )
385 Charles E. Young Dr. East
Room 1242
Los Angeles, CA 90095-1476
United States
310-794-5278 (Phone)
Peter J. Sinsheimer
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - School of Public Health ( email )
650 Charles E. Young Drive South
Los Angeles, CA 90095
United States
Ann Blake
Independent ( email )
Igor Linkov
Independent ( email )
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