How Copyright Makes Books and Music Disappear (and How Secondary Liability Rules Help Resurrect Old Songs)
Paul J. Heald
University of Illinois College of Law; Bournemouth University - Centre for Intellectual Property Policy & Management (CIPPM)
July 5, 2013
Illinois Program in Law, Behavior and Social Science Paper No. LBSS14-07
Illinois Public Law Research Paper No. 13-54
A random sample of new books for sale on Amazon.com shows more books for sale from the 1880’s than the 1980’s. Why? This paper presents new data on how copyright seems to make works disappear. First, a random sample of 2300 new books for sale on Amazon.com is analyzed along with a random sample of 2000 songs available on new DVD’s. Copyright status correlates highly with absence from the Amazon shelf. Together with publishing business models, copyright law seems to stifle distribution and access. Second, the availability on YouTube of songs that reached number one on the U.S., French, and Brazilian pop charts from 1930-60 is analyzed in terms of the identity of the uploader, type of upload, number of views, date of upload, and monetization status. An analysis of the data demonstrates that the DMCA safe harbor system as applied to YouTube helps maintain some level of access to old songs by allowing those possessing copies (primarily infringers) to communicate relatively costlessly with copyright owners to satisfy the market of potential listeners.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 43
Keywords: empirical, Amazon, Youtube, public domain, DMCA, secondary liability, copyright, term extension
JEL Classification: D23, D42, K00, K11, O31, O34working papers series
Date posted: July 6, 2013 ; Last revised: August 15, 2013
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