Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=2291216
 


 



Constitutionally Tailoring Punishment


Richard A. Bierschbach


Yeshiva University - Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law

Stephanos Bibas


University of Pennsylvania Law School

June 2014

Michigan Law Review, Vol. 112, No. 3, 2013
U of Penn Law School, Public Law Research Paper No. 13-17
Cardozo Legal Studies Research Paper No. 402

Abstract:     
Since the turn of the century, the Supreme Court has begun to regulate non-capital sentencing under the Sixth Amendment in the Apprendi line of cases (requiring jury findings of fact to justify sentence enhancements) as well as under the Eighth Amendment in the Miller and Graham line of cases (forbidding mandatory life imprisonment for juvenile defendants). Though both lines of authority sound in individual rights, in fact they are fundamentally about the structures of criminal justice. These two seemingly disparate lines of doctrine respond to structural imbalances in non-capital sentencing by promoting morally appropriate punishment judgments that are based on retail, individualized input and reflect the views and perspectives of multiple institutional actors. This new understanding illuminates how both doctrines relate to the Court’s earlier regulation of capital sentencing and how checks and balances can promote just punishment in a pluralistic system. It also underscores the need for other actors to complete the Court’s work outside the confines of rights-based judicial doctrines, by experimenting with a broader range of reforms that are not constitutionally required but rather are constitutionally inspired.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 57

Keywords: Sixth Amendment, Eighth Amendment, sentencing, plea bargaining, punishment, individualization, parole, juries, prosecutorial discretion, proportionality, separation of powers, checks and balances, Graham, Miller, Apprendi, Woodson, Lockett, capital punishment

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Date posted: July 9, 2013 ; Last revised: July 9, 2014

Suggested Citation

Bierschbach, Richard A. and Bibas, Stephanos, Constitutionally Tailoring Punishment (June 2014). Michigan Law Review, Vol. 112, No. 3, 2013; U of Penn Law School, Public Law Research Paper No. 13-17; Cardozo Legal Studies Research Paper No. 402. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2291216

Contact Information

Richard A. Bierschbach (Contact Author)
Yeshiva University - Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law ( email )
55 Fifth Ave.
New York, NY 10003
United States
(212) 790-0352 (Phone)
(212) 790-0205 (Fax)
Stephanos Bibas
University of Pennsylvania Law School ( email )
3501 Sansom Street
Philadelphia, PA 19104
United States
215-746-2297 (Phone)
HOME PAGE: http://www.law.upenn.edu/cf/faculty/sbibas/
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