Corporate Political Connections and Tax Aggressiveness
Chansog (Francis) Kim
The State University of New York at Stony Brook
City University of Hong Kong
August 12, 2014
Contemporary Accounting Research, Forthcoming
This study investigates the relation between corporate political connections and tax aggressiveness. We study a broad array of corporate political activities, including the employment of connected directors, campaign contributions, and lobbying. Using a large hand-collected dataset of U.S. firms’ political connections, we find that politically connected firms are more tax aggressive than non-connected firms, after controlling for other determinants of tax aggressiveness, industry and year fixed effects, and the endogenous choice of being politically connected. Our findings are robust to various measures of political connections and tax aggressiveness. These results are consistent with the conjecture that politically connected firms are more tax aggressive because of their lower expected cost of tax enforcement, better information regarding tax law and enforcement changes, lower capital market pressure for transparency, and greater risk-taking tendencies induced by political connections.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 56
Keywords: Political connection, tax aggressiveness, tax avoidance, campaign contribution, lobbying
JEL Classification: H26, D72, G34
Date posted: August 1, 2013 ; Last revised: August 16, 2014
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