Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=2304818
 


 



The Taxation of Cloud Computing and Digital Content


David J. Shakow


University of Pennsylvania Law School; Chamberlain Hrdlicka

July 18, 2013

Tax Notes, Vol. 140, No. 4, July, 22, 2013
Tax Notes International, Vol. 71, No. 4, July, 22, 2013
State Tax Notes, Vol. 69, No. 4, July 22, 2013
U of Penn, Inst for Law & Econ Research Paper No. 13-26

Abstract:     
“Cloud computing” raises important and difficult questions in state tax law, and for Federal taxes, particularly in the foreign tax area. As cloud computing solutions are adopted by businesses, items we view as tangible are transformed into digital products. In this article, I will describe the problems cloud computing poses for tax systems. I will show how current law is applied to cloud computing and will identify the difficulties current approaches face as they are applied to this developing technology.

My primary interest is how Federal tax law applies to cloud computing, particularly as the new technology affects international transactions. I am not so interested in the current state of the law as I am in identifying the problems confronting tax administrators as technology creates a changed economic system. After identifying the problems, I will suggest that cloud computing (like other technological changes) is not always compatible with current rules for taxing activities in multiple jurisdictions. Therefore, tax fairness may require that new standards be used to allocate income among jurisdictions.

But beyond that, I hope to explain some of the particulars of the cloud structure. In doing so, it will become apparent that the significance of cloud computing goes beyond the local and international tax areas that have been identified as problem areas in the past.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 37

Keywords: State & federal taxation, Internet sales, taxing software in the cloud, hosting out-of-state servers, nexus, foreign income taxation, international transactions, income allocation among jurisdictions, defining a permanent establishment, collecting tax judgments in foreign court, int’l tax neutrality

JEL Classification: H25, H71, H87, K34, L86

Accepted Paper Series


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Date posted: August 3, 2013  

Suggested Citation

Shakow, David J., The Taxation of Cloud Computing and Digital Content (July 18, 2013). Tax Notes, Vol. 140, No. 4, July, 22, 2013; Tax Notes International, Vol. 71, No. 4, July, 22, 2013; State Tax Notes, Vol. 69, No. 4, July 22, 2013; U of Penn, Inst for Law & Econ Research Paper No. 13-26. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2304818

Contact Information

David J. Shakow (Contact Author)
University of Pennsylvania Law School ( email )
3501 Sansom Street
Philadelphia, PA 19104
United States
Chamberlain Hrdlicka ( email )
300 Conshohocken State Rd
West Conshohocken, PA 19428
United States
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