Making Do with Less: Working Harder During Recessions
Edward P. Lazear
Stanford Graduate School of Business; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
Kathryn L. Shaw
Stanford Graduate School of Business; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)
University of Utah - Department of Finance
August 1, 2013
There are two obvious possibilities that can account for the rise in productivity during recent recessions. The first is that the decline in the workforce was not random, and that the average worker was of higher quality during the recession than in the preceding period. The second is that each worker produced more while holding worker quality constant. We call the second effect, “making do with less,” that is, getting more effort from fewer workers. Using data spanning June 2006 to May 2010 on individual worker productivity from a large firm, it is possible to measure the increase in productivity due to effort and sorting. For this firm, the second effect — that workers’ effort increases — dominates the first effect — that the composition of the workforce differs over the business cycle.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 42working papers series
Date posted: August 7, 2013
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