Inter-Country Adoption and the Special Rights Fallacy
James G. Dwyer
William & Mary Law School
December 3, 2013
University of Pennsylvania Journal of International Law, Vol. 35, No. 1, 2013
William & Mary Law School Research Paper No. 09-254
Debate over restrictions on international adoption have focused myopically on the U.N. Children's Rights Convention and the Hague Convention, even though there are human rights conventions applicable to all persons, including children, that trump those child-specific conventions and that set forth rights pertinent to international adoption. This article explains why it is a mistake to assume that a special convention for children like the CRC makes them better off than they would be in its absence. It further explains why proponents of freer inter-country adoption should distance themselves from the CRC and Hague Convention and instead build a political and legal strategy founded on the universal right to leave one's country and to change one's nationality. Based on various sources for interpreting that right in the International Convention on Civil and Political Rights, the Article critiques the justifications that UNICEF, sending countries, and others have offered for restricting inter-country adoption.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 81
Keywords: international adoption, subsidiarity principle, children's rights, right to emigrate, Hague ConventionAccepted Paper Series
Date posted: August 27, 2013 ; Last revised: December 4, 2013
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