The Schooling of Southern Blacks: The Roles of Legal Activism and Private Philanthropy, 1910-1960
John J. Donohue III
Stanford Law School; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)
James J. Heckman
University of Chicago - Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); American Bar Foundation; Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA); CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)
University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
PIER Working Paper No. 01-036; Stanford Law School, Public Law Working Paper No. 11; and Stanford Law and Economics Olin Working Paper No. 198
Improvements in education and educational quality are widely acknowledged to be major contributors to black economic progress in the Twentieth Century. This paper investigates the sources of improvement in black education in the South in the first half of the century and demonstrates the important roles of social activism, especially NAACP litigation and private philanthropy, in improving the quality and availability of public schooling. Many scholars view education as a rival to social activism in explaining black economic progress, but such a view misses the important role of philanthropic and legal interventions in promoting education.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 53
JEL Classification: I29
Date posted: June 27, 2000
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