Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=2334941
 


 



Supplying Compliance: Why and When the United States Complies with WTO Rulings


Rachel Brewster


Duke University - School of Law

Adam S. Chilton


University of Chicago - Law School

June 19, 2014

Yale Journal of International Law, vol. 39, no. 2, 2014

Abstract:     
In studies of compliance with international law, the focus is usually on the "demand side" – that is, how to increase the pressure on the state to comply. Less attention has been paid, however, to the consequences of the "supply side" – who within the state is responsible for the compliance. This Article is the first study to systematically address the issue of how different actors within the United States government alter national policy in response to the violations of international law. The Article does so by examining cases initiated under the World Trade Organization (WTO) Dispute Settlement Understanding (DSU). This Article presents empirical evidence that who within the government must supply compliance is the most important factor in explaining both whether and when the United States government complies with WTO rulings, even after controlling for important characteristics of the state filing the request and the political importance of the affected industry. These results demonstrate that understanding the domestic supply of compliance is a critical, if neglected, aspect of international law theory. The results also highlight how the dominant "unitary actor" model (adopted by international law scholars to explain compliance) obscures important causal pathways in the compliance process. This Article opens up a new and rich field of study into what makes international law effective or ineffective.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 47

Keywords: WTO, international trade, compliance, dispute resolution, DSU, domestic politics

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Date posted: October 3, 2013 ; Last revised: November 20, 2014

Suggested Citation

Brewster, Rachel and Chilton, Adam S., Supplying Compliance: Why and When the United States Complies with WTO Rulings (June 19, 2014). Yale Journal of International Law, vol. 39, no. 2, 2014 . Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2334941 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2334941

Contact Information

Rachel Brewster (Contact Author)
Duke University - School of Law ( email )
210 Science Drive
Box 90362
Durham, NC 27708
United States
Adam S. Chilton
University of Chicago - Law School ( email )
1111 E. 60th St.
Chicago, IL 60637
United States
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