Kim-Kwang Raymond Choo
University of South Australia
Australian National University (ANU) - Research School of Social Sciences (RSSS); School of Regulation & Global Governance (RegNet)
October 15, 2013
Oxford Handbook of Organized Crime, L. Paoli, Oxford University Press, 2013, DOI: 10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199730445.013.003
This essay considers how information and communications technologies (ICT) are used by organized crime groups. Three categories of groups are identified: traditional organized criminal groups, which make use of ICT to enhance their terrestrial criminal activities; organized cybercriminal groups, which operate exclusively online; and organized groups of ideologically and politically motivated individuals (including state and state-sponsored actors), who make use of ICT to facilitate their criminal conduct. We feel that it is important to draw a distinction between these types of organized criminal groups, particularly when formulating cybersecurity policy, because cybercriminality is not a monolithic threat. The article will note the transnational nature of much organized criminal activity and will discuss mechanisms for the control of organized crime in the digital age.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 31
Keywords: Cybercrime, cybersecurity, organized cybercriminal groups, organized criminal groups
JEL Classification: C88, C89, K42, K49
Date posted: October 17, 2013
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