Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=2350805
 


 



Path-Breakers: How Does Women's Political Participation Respond to Electoral Success?


Sonia Bhalotra


University of Essex

Irma Clots‐Figueras


Universidad Carlos III de Madrid

Lakshmi Iyer


Harvard Business School - Business, Government and the International Economy Unit

November 6, 2013

Harvard Business School BGIE Unit Working Paper No. 14-035

Abstract:     
This paper analyzes the effect of a woman’s electoral victory on women’s subsequent political participation. Using the regression discontinuity afforded by close elections between women and men in India’s state elections, we find that a woman winning office leads to a large and significant increase in the share of female candidates from major political parties in the subsequent election. This stems mainly from an increased probability that previous women candidates contest again, an important margin in India where a substantial number of incumbents do not contest re-election. There is no significant entry of new female candidates, no change in female or male voter turnout and no spillover effects to neighboring areas. Further analysis points to a reduction in party bias against women candidates as the main mechanism driving the observed increase in women’s candidacy.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 41

JEL Classification: J16, J71, P16

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Date posted: November 6, 2013  

Suggested Citation

Bhalotra, Sonia and Clots‐Figueras, Irma and Iyer, Lakshmi, Path-Breakers: How Does Women's Political Participation Respond to Electoral Success? (November 6, 2013). Harvard Business School BGIE Unit Working Paper No. 14-035. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2350805 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2350805

Contact Information

Sonia Bhalotra
University of Essex ( email )
Wivenhoe Park
Colchester, CO4 3SQ
United Kingdom
Irma Clots‐Figueras
Universidad Carlos III de Madrid
No Address Available
Lakshmi Iyer (Contact Author)
Harvard Business School - Business, Government and the International Economy Unit ( email )
Cambridge, MA
United States
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