Deutsche Bank and the Use of Promises in Islamic Finance Contracts
Hamad Bin Khalifa University
Jon M. Truby
Qatar University - College of Law; Newcastle University Law School
Virginia Law & Business Review, 7(4), 620-649, 2013
This paper examines the concept of a promise, an essential tool for Islamic financial transactions that has facilitated the development of structured Sharī‘ah-compliant financing arrangements and mitigated much of the risk that Islamic financial institutions encounter. The study explores jurists’ opinions regarding the extent that unilateral and bilateral promises are religiously binding and enforceable in a court of Islamic law. It classifies bilateral promises (muwā‘adah) into non-binding non-enforceable promises and binding enforceable promises, and contends that the latter category takes the constructive ruling of a contract (fī ḥukm al-‘aqd). The paper argues that Islamic contracts can be added to a future time or made contingent upon the fulfillment of a condition so long as they meet some general guidelines.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 31
Keywords: unilateral promise, bilateral promise, contract, wa‘d, binding, Islamic finance
JEL Classification: K12, L14, P34, F30, G3, P4, P43Accepted Paper Series
Date posted: November 11, 2013
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