Skilled Immigration and the Employment Structures of U.S. Firms
Sari Pekkala Kerr
Wellesley College (WCW)
William R. Kerr
Harvard University - Entrepreneurial Management Unit
William Fabius Lincoln
Robert Day School of Economics and Finance, Claremont McKenna College
November 15, 2013
Harvard Business School Entrepreneurial Management Working Paper No. 14-040
We study the impact of skilled immigrants on the employment structures of U.S. firms using matched employer-employee data. Unlike most previous work, we use the firm as the lens of analysis to account for a greater level of heterogeneity and the fact that many skilled immigrant admissions are driven by firms themselves (e.g., the H-1B visa). OLS and IV specifications find rising overall employment of skilled workers with increased skilled immigrant employment by firm. Employment expansion is greater for younger natives than their older counterparts, and departure rates for older workers appear higher for those in STEM occupations compared to younger worker.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 48
Keywords: Immigration, Employment, Firms, Age, Scientists, Engineers, Inventors, H-1B
JEL Classification: F15, F22, J44, J61, O31
Date posted: November 16, 2013
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