Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=2356675
 


 



False Memories in Highly Superior Autobiographical Memory Individuals


Lawrence Patihis


University of Southern Mississippi

Steven J. Frenda


University of California, Irvine - Department of Psychology and Social Behavior

Aurora K. R. LePort


University of California, Irvine

Nicole Petersen


University of California, Los Angeles

Rebecca M. Nichols


University of California, Irvine - Department of Psychology and Social Behavior

Craig E.L. Stark


University of California, Irvine

James L. McGaugh


University of California, Irvine

Elizabeth F. Loftus


University of California, Irvine - Department of Psychology and Social Behavior; University of California, Irvine School of Law

November 18, 2013

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol.110, No.52, 2013, pp.20947-20952
UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2013-158

Abstract:     
The recent identification of highly superior autobiographical memory (HSAM) raised the possibility that there may be individuals who are immune to memory distortions. We measured HSAM participants’ and age- and sex-matched controls’ susceptibility to false memories using several research paradigms. HSAM participants and controls were both susceptible to false recognition of nonpresented critical lure words in an associative word-list task. In a misinformation task, HSAM participants showed higher overall false memory compared with that of controls for details in a photographic slideshow. HSAM participants were equally as likely as controls to mistakenly report they had seen nonexistent footage of a plane crash. Finding false memories in a superior-memory group suggests that malleable reconstructive mechanisms may be fundamental to episodic remembering. Paradoxically, HSAM individuals may retrieve abundant and accurate autobiographical memories using fallible reconstructive processes.

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Date posted: November 19, 2013 ; Last revised: March 6, 2014

Suggested Citation

Patihis, Lawrence and Frenda, Steven J. and LePort, Aurora K. R. and Petersen, Nicole and Nichols, Rebecca M. and Stark, Craig E.L. and McGaugh, James L. and Loftus, Elizabeth F., False Memories in Highly Superior Autobiographical Memory Individuals (November 18, 2013). Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol.110, No.52, 2013, pp.20947-20952; UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2013-158. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2356675

Contact Information

Lawrence Patihis (Contact Author)
University of Southern Mississippi ( email )
Hattiesburg, MS 39406
United States
HOME PAGE: http://https://www.usm.edu/psychology/faculty/lawrence-patihis
Steven J. Frenda
University of California, Irvine - Department of Psychology and Social Behavior ( email )
4201 Social & Behavioral Sciences Gateway
University of California, Irvine
Irvine, CA 92697-7085
United States
Aurora K. R. LePort
University of California, Irvine ( email )
Campus Drive
Irvine, CA 62697-3125
United States
Nicole Petersen
University of California, Los Angeles ( email )
Campus Drive
Irvine, CA 62697-3125
United States
Rebecca M. Nichols
University of California, Irvine - Department of Psychology and Social Behavior ( email )
4201 Social & Behavioral Sciences Gateway
University of California, Irvine
Irvine, CA 92697-7085
United States
Craig E.L. Stark
University of California, Irvine ( email )
Campus Drive
Irvine, CA 62697-3125
United States
James L. McGaugh
University of California, Irvine ( email )
Campus Drive
Irvine, CA 62697-3125
United States
Elizabeth F. Loftus
University of California, Irvine - Department of Psychology and Social Behavior ( email )
4201 Social & Behavioral Sciences Gateway
University of California, Irvine
Irvine, CA 92697-7085
United States
University of California, Irvine School of Law
401 E. Peltason Dr.
Ste. 1000
Irvine, CA 92697-1000
United States
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