Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=2367609
 


 



Are the 'Memory Wars' Over? A Scientist-Practitioner Gap in Beliefs About Repressed Memory


Lawrence Patihis


University of California, Irvine

Lavina Y. Ho


Pennsylvania State University - Department of Behaviorial Sciences & Education

Ian W. Tingen


University of California, Irvine - Department of Psychology and Social Behavior

Scott O. Lilienfeld


Emory University - Emory College of Arts and Sciences

Elizabeth F. Loftus


University of California, Irvine - Department of Psychology and Social Behavior; University of California, Irvine School of Law

October 7, 2013

Psychological Science, Vol.25, No.2, 2014, pp.519-530
UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2014-7

Abstract:     
The “memory wars” of the 1990s refers to the controversy between some clinicians and memory scientists about the reliability of repressed memories. To investigate whether such disagreement persists, we compared various groups’ beliefs about memory and compared their current beliefs with beliefs expressed in past studies. In Study 1, we found high rates of belief in repressed memory among undergraduates. We also found that greater critical-thinking ability was associated with more skepticism about repressed memories. In Study 2, we found less belief in repressed memory among mainstream clinicians today compared with the 1990s. Groups that contained research-oriented psychologists and memory experts expressed more skepticism about the validity of repressed memories relative to other groups. Thus, a substantial gap between the memory beliefs of clinical-psychology researchers and those of practitioners persists today. These results hold implications for the potential resolution of the science-practice gap and for the dissemination of memory research in the training of mental-health professionals.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 40

Keywords: memory beliefs, repressed memory, hypnosis, clinical psychology, individual differences

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Date posted: December 15, 2013 ; Last revised: March 6, 2014

Suggested Citation

Patihis, Lawrence and Ho , Lavina Y. and Tingen, Ian W. and Lilienfeld, Scott O. and Loftus, Elizabeth F., Are the 'Memory Wars' Over? A Scientist-Practitioner Gap in Beliefs About Repressed Memory (October 7, 2013). Psychological Science, Vol.25, No.2, 2014, pp.519-530; UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2014-7. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2367609

Contact Information

Lawrence Patihis (Contact Author)
University of California, Irvine ( email )
4201 Social and Behavioral Sciences Gateway
Irvine, CA 92697
United States
Lavina Y. Ho
Pennsylvania State University - Department of Behaviorial Sciences & Education ( email )
University Park
State College, PA 16802
United States
Ian W. Tingen
University of California, Irvine - Department of Psychology and Social Behavior ( email )
Campus Drive
Irvine, CA 62697-3125
United States
Scott O. Lilienfeld
Emory University - Emory College of Arts and Sciences ( email )
Department of Violence Studies
Atlanta, GA 30322
United States
Elizabeth F. Loftus
University of California, Irvine - Department of Psychology and Social Behavior ( email )
4201 Social & Behavioral Sciences Gateway
University of California, Irvine
Irvine, CA 92697-7085
United States
University of California, Irvine School of Law
535A Administration
Irvine, CA 92697-1000
United States
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