Modelling Zero Bids in Contingent Valuation Surveys
Universita di Cagliari
University of Waikato - Management School
Universita di Cagliari - Department of Economics
CREAM, Centre for Research on Environmental Appraisal & Management, UK; Newcastle University - School of Agriculture, Food and Rural Development (SAFRD)
Kenneth G. Willis
CREAM, Centre for Research on Environmental Appraisal & Management, UK; Newcastle University
FEEM Working Paper No. 55.2000
When modelling data generated from a discrete choice contingent valuation question, the treatment of zero bids affects the welfare estimates. Zero bids may come from respondents who are not interested in the provision of the public good; alternatively, some zero-bidders may be protesting about the valuation exercise, but hold positive values for the good. In this paper we investigate the effect of different levels of information on zero-bidders on welfare estimates for the population. We find that different strategies of identification may have non-trivial effects. We recommend use of full debriefing questions for zero-bidders, and use of sample selection models to correct for bias caused by protest behaviour.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 26
Keywords: contingent valuation, zero bids, protest votes, selectivity bias, sample selection model, survey design
JEL Classification: C35, C51, C81, D60, H41, Q26working papers series
Date posted: November 19, 2000
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