Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=2378558
 


 



Modularity and Intellectual Property Protection


Carliss Y. Baldwin


Harvard Business School, Finance Unit

Joachim Henkel


TUM School of Management - Technische Universität München (TUM); Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

June 26, 2014

Harvard Business School Finance Working Paper No. 14-046

Abstract:     
Modularity is a means of partitioning technical knowledge about a product or process. When state-sanctioned intellectual property (IP) rights are ineffective or costly to enforce, modularity can be used to hide information and thus protect IP. We investigate the impact of modularity on IP protection by formally modeling the threat of expropriation by agents. The principal has three options to address this threat: trust, licensing, and paying agents to stay loyal. We show how the principal can influence the value of these options by modularizing the system and by hiring clans of agents, thus exploiting relationships among them. Extensions address screening and signaling in hiring, the effects of an imperfect legal system, and social norms of fairness. We illustrate our arguments with examples from practice.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 49

Keywords: Modularity, value appropriation, intellectual property, relational contracts, clans

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Date posted: January 14, 2014 ; Last revised: June 27, 2014

Suggested Citation

Baldwin, Carliss Y. and Henkel, Joachim, Modularity and Intellectual Property Protection (June 26, 2014). Harvard Business School Finance Working Paper No. 14-046. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2378558 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2378558

Contact Information

Carliss Y. Baldwin (Contact Author)
Harvard Business School, Finance Unit ( email )
Boston, MA 02163
United States
Joachim Henkel
TUM School of Management - Technische Universität München (TUM) ( email )
Arcisstr. 21
Munich, D-80333
Germany
Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)
77 Bastwick Street
London, EC1V 3PZ
United Kingdom
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