Evolution of Land Distribution in West Bengal 1967-2004: Role of Land Reform and Demographic Changes
University of California, Berkeley - Department of Economics
Harvard Business School - Negotiations, Organizations & Markets Unit
Boston University - Department of Economics
Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB) - European Center for Advanced Research in Economics and Statistics (ECARES)
January 20, 2014
Harvard Business School NOM Unit Working Paper No. 14-066
This paper studies how land reform and population growth affect land inequality and landlessness, focusing particularly on indirect effects owing to their influence on household divisions and land market transactions. Theoretical predictions of a model of household division and land transactions are successfully tested using household panel data from West Bengal spanning 1967-2004. The tenancy reform lowered inequality through its effects on household divisions and land market transactions, but its effect was quantitatively dominated by inequality-raising effects of population growth. The land distribution program lowered landlessness but this was partly offset by targeting failures and induced increases in immigration.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 58
Keywords: inequality, land reform, household division, land markets
JEL Classification: J12, O13, O13working papers series
Date posted: February 2, 2014
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