Lost in Translation: The Accidental Origins of Bond v. United States
Kevin L. Cope
University of Michigan
February 27, 2014
112 Michigan Law Review (First Impressions) 133 (2014)
Bond v. United States, which the U.S. Supreme Court decided last year, weighed the constitutionally of using the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) and its implementing act to prosecute U.S. citizens for local assaults. Prior to the decision, both parties and numerous amici believed that the case could transform key parts of federalism doctrine and/or U.S. foreign relations. This essay gives a retrospective on Bond and the CWC’s U.S. implementation. It shows that the federalism issues central to Bond were overlooked during the CWC’s ratification and implementation, and that Congress and the State Department never envisioned Bond-like uses of the CWC Implementation Act. It offers a theory for this oversight, and it attempts to explain why international law like the CWC sometimes translates poorly into domestic law. Finally, it shows how cases like Bond showcase the unintended effects of those mistranslations.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 9
Keywords: federalism, Congress, Constitution, treaties, chemical weapons convention, Supreme Court
Date posted: March 1, 2014 ; Last revised: February 21, 2015
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