Citizenship and Protection
Fordham University School of Law
March 19, 2014
Fordham Law Review, Vol. 82, 2014
Fordham Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2411808
This symposium essay discusses the role of U.S. citizenship in determining who would be protected by the Constitution, other domestic laws, and the courts. Traditionally, within the United States both noncitizens and citizens have had more or less equal civil liberties protections (putting to one side the question of immigration law). But outside the sovereign territory of the United States, noncitizens have historically lacked such protections. This essay sketches the traditional rules that demarcated the boundaries of protection, then addresses the functional and normative justifications for the very different treatment of noncitizens depending on whether or not they were present within the United States.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 21
Keywords: citizenship, Constitution, protection
Date posted: March 21, 2014 ; Last revised: April 7, 2014
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