How Notice-and-Takedown Regimes Create Markets for Music on YouTube: An Empirical Study
Paul J. Heald
University of Illinois College of Law
March 26, 2014
In theory, notice-and-takedown regimes can lower transaction costs by facilitating communication between users and copyright owners, especially where content filtering automates much of the process. This market study tests the transaction costs theory by tracking 90 songs on YouTube that reached number one on the U.S., French, and Brazilian pop charts from 1930 to 1960. The data collected includes the identity of the uploader, type of upload, number of views, date of upload, and monetization status. YouTube uploads of a sample of 385 popular songs from 1919-1926 are also charted. An analysis of the data demonstrates that the DMCA safe harbor system as applied to YouTube helps maintain public access to many old songs by allowing those possessing copies (primarily infringers) to communicate relatively costlessly with copyright owners to satisfy the market of potential listeners.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 21
Keywords: copyright, YouTube, DMCA, notice, takedown, songs, safe harbor, public domain
JEL Classification: K11, O34
Date posted: March 28, 2014
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