Monetizing Marks: Insights from the USPTO Trademark Assignment Dataset
Stuart J.H. Graham
Georgia Institute of Technology - Scheller College of Business; United States Patent and Trademark Office
Alan C. Marco
United States Patent and Trademark Office
Amanda F. Myers
United States Patent and Trademark Office - Office of Chief Economist
April 1, 2015
Attention to the asset value of intellectual property (IP) has traditionally concentrated on high-value patent sales and licenses. This narrow focus neglects non-patent assets held by a broader set of economic agents, such as trademarks, and overlooks the evolving ways owners are employing and monetizing their intangible assets. To help remedy this deficiency, the Office of Chief Economist of the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) is releasing a series of datasets in formats convenient for researchers. This paper describes the USPTO Trademark Assignment Dataset, a database of over 785,000 transactions recorded during 1952-2013 affecting almost 4.2 million trademark registrations and applications. We provide a comprehensive description and present key trends, showing that among registrations issued 1978-2013, more than 31% were affected by some transaction during their lives, 21% were transferred to different parties, and 12% were involved in at least one security interest agreement. Examining transaction rates by registration cohort, we find evidence that registered US trademarks may be more likely to be traded than are US patents. Other trends and findings are discussed. Despite limitations, these data open new avenues for research, particularly with respect to trademark collateralization and the market for brands.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 77
Keywords: Intellectual Property, Trademarks, Branding, Licensing, Markets for Technology, Innovation
JEL Classification: O3, L2, G1, G2, G3
Date posted: May 4, 2014 ; Last revised: April 5, 2015
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