Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=2435276
 


 



Zoned for Injustice: Moving Beyond Zoning and Market-Based Land Preservation to Address Rural Poverty


Liz Clark Rinehart


University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law

May 9, 2014


Abstract:     
This paper examines the role market-based land conservation tools play in exacerbating rural poverty by stymieing needed development. After surveying the ways in which governments have used zoning to inflict environmental injustice on disenfranchised groups, the paper concludes that market-based land conservation tools, as an extension of traditional zoning, present the same potential for environmental injustice by forcing rural communities to bear more than their share of the burden for land preservation. The state of Maryland's current land conservation program is presented as an example of a successful preservation program that does not consider environmental justice risks to rural populations. To maintain a conservation goal without creating obstacles to rural development, the paper proposes a micro-mixed use form of zoning instead of large-parcel conservation.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 60

Keywords: Zoning, Land Use, Conservation Easements, Agriculture, Agricultural Easements, Rural Poverty, Environmental Justice, Maryland, Smart Growth, New Urbanism

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Date posted: May 11, 2014 ; Last revised: May 27, 2014

Suggested Citation

Rinehart, Liz Clark, Zoned for Injustice: Moving Beyond Zoning and Market-Based Land Preservation to Address Rural Poverty (May 9, 2014). Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2435276 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2435276

Contact Information

Liz Clark Rinehart (Contact Author)
University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law ( email )
500 West Baltimore Street
Baltimore, MD 21201-1786
United States
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